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Global Government Introduction:


      The move toward a global government received a big boost this summer by the introduction of a proposal for an International Criminal Court. Over U.S. objections, the United Nations Diplomatic Conference voted 120 to 7 in favor of establishing an international criminal court to try individuals accused of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and the crime of aggression.










Behold a Black Horse

 Behold a Black




Price R 249.00 




Behold a Black Horse:

 Economic Upheaval and Famine


by Dr. Chuck Missler



The third of the “Five Horsemen of the Apocalypse” brings inflation and famine on an unprecedented scale.
•What is the real cause of inflation?
•What are the real causes of famine?

Most famines are the direct results of government’s deliberate decisions. Germany sank into the most severe hyperinflationary period in recorded history after printing 1.3 trillion marks: that translates to about 4 trillion in today’s dollars. Ironically, that is almost exactly the same amount of money the United States government has printed since 2008. What are the implications for us today?

How can one use Bayes’ Theorem in “reverse probability”? (Can you form a hypothesis based on experience, common sense and whatever data are available; then test the hypothesis not by what has happened before, but by what comes after?)

The theorem has proved its worth, such as in 2012 when it was used to successfully predict the outcome of the U.S. presidential election in all 50 states before the final vote counts were available.

Join Dr. Chuck Missler in the Executive Briefing Room of the River Lodge, New Zealand, as he explores the identity of the third of the Five Horsemen of Revelation.

This briefing pack contains 2 hours of teaching

Available in the following formats


•2 MP3 files

•1 PDF Notes file






Trump backs 'One China' policy in call with Xi

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Feb 10, 2017 - President Donald Trump reaffirmed Washington's "One China" policy in what he said Friday was a "very warm" conversation with Xi Jinping, in an apparent effort to ease tensions after angering Beijing by questioning a major plank of Sino-US relations.

"We had a very, very good talk last night, and discussed a lot of subjects. It was a long talk," Trump told a joint press conference with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at his side.

During the phone call, the new Republican president pledged to "honor" a decades-old position that effectively acknowledges Taiwan is not separate from China -- a policy that Trump had suggested a few weeks ago he might jettison.

"President Trump agreed, at the request of President Xi, to honor our 'One China' policy," the White House said in a statement, adding that the two leaders had "extended invitations to meet in their respective countries."

The White House called the phone discussion -- the first since Trump took office -- "extremely cordial," saying the leaders "look forward to further talks with very successful outcomes."

Trump said Friday that he and Xi were "in the process of getting along very well, and I think it will be very much of a benefit to Japan."

Xi, who took the helm of the Communist Party-ruled country in 2012, welcomed Trump's gesture.

"Xi Jinping appreciates Trump's emphasis on the American government's commitment to the One China policy and pointed out that the One China principle is the political foundation of US-China relations," a Chinese foreign ministry statement said.

Trump's insurgent campaign for the White House included frequently lashing out at China, which he accused of currency manipulation and stealing American jobs.

He raised eyebrows in the wake of his election victory with a protocol-busting telephone conversation with Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen.

He later threw doubt on the "One China" policy, suggesting that it was up for negotiation and could form part of talks on trade, drawing rebukes from official Chinese media.

- 'Backed Down' -

Ashley Townshend, an expert on US-China relations at the University of Sydney, said Trump's apparent capitulation was an indication of the moderating influence of Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defense Secretary James Mattis.

"Everyone will be surprised at the speed with which Trump has backed down on this issue," he said.

The change was unlikely to be conciliatory, he added, but could be read as a sign of pragmatism in the new administration's approach to its powerful adversary.

"There was a real risk prior to this clarification that the two sides would be unable to even find a way to speak," he said.

"This removes an obstacle to relations, but it doesn't advance them in any meaningful way."

Taiwan has been ruled separately since the two sides split in 1949 at the end of a civil war.

Despite having its own government, military and independent foreign policy, Beijing has refused to recognize the island, viewing it as part of its territory awaiting reunification with the mainland -- by force, if necessary.

Washington cut formal ties with Taipei in 1979, when it recognized the Communist mainland rulers in Beijing.

However, the US remains Taiwan's most powerful unofficial ally and its main supplier of arms.

Trump's suggestion that he could restore relations with Taipei -- which Beijing views as a non-starter -- had threatened to chill ties with the Asian giant.

- 'Come to his senses' -

Beijing had been prepared to give Trump-the-candidate a pass, said Wu Xinbo, director of the Center for American Studies at China's Fudan University.

"When Trump tweeted a few things about the 'One China' policy previously, it was prior to his inauguration, so we can consider those his personal opinion," said Wu.

"Now that he is in office, he represents the government's views, and as such, he must emphasize the continuity of policies such as the Taiwan issue and the One China issue."

Xu Guoqi, an expert in Sino-US relations at the University of Hong Kong, said Thursday's call showed the US president had "come to his senses" about a policy that had underpinned ties since Richard Nixon occupied the Oval Office.

"Without honoring the One China policy, the relationship only has one way to go: down to hell," Xu said, adding: "Now the two sides can assume business as usual. They are back to square one."

A high-ranking European diplomat told AFP he hoped that the call indicated an end to Trump's "incoherent signals" on China.

"Maybe the phone call marks the beginning of a more rational and consistent policy," he said.

On Chinese social media, commenters agreed the call was overdue.

"Trump has finally seen the light!" one user posted.

"What could be bad about having good relations with China?"




Chinese, US aircraft in 'unsafe' encounter over South China Sea: US

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Feb 11, 2017 - A Chinese military aircraft had an "unsafe" encounter with a US Navy surveillance aircraft near a contested reef in the South China Sea, the US Pacific Command said Friday.

The two planes came within 1,000 feet (300 meters) of each other during Wednesday's incident near the Scarborough Shoal, which is claimed by both the Philippines and China, according to Pentagon spokesman Jeff Davis.

The close encounter comes amid heightened tensions between the United States and China over Beijing's moves to establish a presence in disputed areas of the South China Sea by building reefs and atolls into artificial islands.

"An interaction characterized by US Pacific Command as 'unsafe' occurred in international airspace above the South China Sea between a Chinese KJ-200 aircraft and a US Navy P-3C aircraft," said US Pacific Command spokesman Rob Shuford.

"The US Navy P-3C was on a routine mission operating in accordance with international law."

Davis said the Chinese aircraft essentially "crossed the nose" of the American plane, causing it to "make an immediate turn."

"We don't see any evidence that it was intentional," the spokesman said, adding that the incident appeared to be a "one-off" encounter.

"Clearly we have our disagreements with China over militarization of South China Sea," he said, adding that interactions between ships and planes are "largely professional and safe."

The KJ-200 is an airborne early warning and command plane, while the P-3 is a maritime surveillance aircraft.

The Pacific Command said it would address the issue "in appropriate diplomatic and military channels."

- China responded 'legally and professionally' -

A Chinese defense ministry official told The Global Times that the Chinese pilot had responded "legally and professionally" to the US plane when it approached the aircraft.

"We hope that the US could take the bilateral military relations into consideration and adopt practical measures to eliminate the root cause of air and sea mishaps between the two countries," the official said on condition of anonymity.

China asserts sovereignty over almost all of the resource-rich region despite rival claims from Southeast Asian neighbors and has rapidly built reefs into artificial islands capable of hosting military planes.

US President Donald Trump's administration so far has taken a tough stance on China's claims in the South China Sea, insisting it will defend international interests there.

During his confirmation hearings, new US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson raised the threat of blocking China's access to the contested islands.

Under president Barack Obama's administration, Washington insisted it was neutral on the question of sovereignty over the South China Sea islets, reefs and shoals, calling for the disputes to be resolved under international law.

But the US has dispatched aircraft and naval patrols to assert its rights of passage through international spaces.




US, Japan say defense pact covers disputed Senkaku islands

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Feb 10, 2017 - US President Donald Trump offered Japan assurances Friday that mutual defense agreements cover the disputed Senkaku Islands, claimed by China as the Diaoyus.

After repeatedly questioning defense pacts, Trump signed off on a joint statement with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe that reaffirms America's security guarantee.

The pair said they "oppose any unilateral action that seeks to undermine Japan's administration of these islands" -- comments that are sure to rile Beijing.

China warned the US it was risking instability in Asia after Trump's new defense secretary vowed to back Japan in any military clash over the disputed island chain.

China, which is also involved in a widening dispute with several Southeast Asian countries over islands in the South China Sea, accused Washington of stirring up trouble.



NATO backs Ukraine as clashes surge: deputy chief

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Brussels (AFP) Feb 9, 2017 - All 28 NATO allies fully support Ukraine as it faces the worst upsurge in fighting against pro-Russian rebels in two years, alliance deputy head Rose Gottemoeller said Thursday.

US President Donald Trump has stoked concerns in NATO and Europe by dubbing the alliance "obsolete" and taking a softer stance on Russia, in marked contrast to his predecessor.

"There was unanimity around the NATO-Ukraine Council table, strong support from all allies for Ukraine," she told reporters after talks with Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman at NATO headquarters in Brussels.

The US-led alliance had stood by Ukraine since "Russian aggressive actions" began in 2014 and it would not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea early that year, she said.

The recent fighting was the worst in two years, with OSCE monitors reporting more than 10,000 violations of the Minsk ceasefire accords on one day, she said.

"We are deeply concerned by the recent spike in violence... We must not accept this as the new normal," she said, urging all parties and especially Russia to honour their commitments to the Minsk deal.

Trump told Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko last week in a telephone call that he would work with both Kiev and Moscow to end the conflict, but fears persist he might prefer to deal directly with Russian leader Vladimir Putin.

Gottemoeller, a former US under-secretary of state who was nominated for the NATO post last year by then-president Barack Obama, stressed NATO's full support.

Groysman said the whole world was aware of "Russian aggression in eastern Ukraine... we value highly the unanimous support of all the allies."

Asked about possible policy changes under Trump, Groysman said he had no concerns.

"I am sure that the new president... will always fight for democracy and democratic values," he said.

"I believe the United States will always support justice and justice is on the side of Ukraine."



Trump sends letter of thanks to China's Xi

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Feb 9, 2017 - President Donald Trump has sent a letter to Chinese President Xi Jinping, the White House said, weeks after receiving a letter of congratulations from the leader of the Asian giant.

Beijing has been on tenterhooks waiting for a contact from the billionaire president, who seems set to take a hard line against the Asian giant on a wide range of issues from trade to security.

During his campaign, Trump repeatedly attacked Beijing for "stealing" American jobs and has threatened to slap it with massive tariffs.

In his missive, Trump said he looked forward to developing "a constructive relationship that benefits both the United States and China," spokesman Sean Spicer said in a statement Wednesday.

The billionaire politician has already had phone conversations with more than a dozen foreign leaders since he was inaugurated last month.

His decision to send a letter, rather than call the head of the world's second largest economy, could be read as a snub, raising questions about how willing Trump is to engage with a country that he has accused of "raping" the United States.

It is not clear if or when he will dial Xi up.

But Lu Kang, a spokesman for China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, still praised the letter at a regular press briefing on Thursday.

"We highly commend President Trump for expressing festive greetings to President Xi Jinping and the Chinese people," Lu said, adding "cooperation is the only right choice for the two countries."

Just after winning the November election, Trump provoked Beijing's ire by accepting a congratulatory call from Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen.

Washington cut formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 1979, recognizing the Communist mainland rulers in Beijing as the sole government of "One China."

Under the terms of the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act, Washington maintains an ambiguous approach to the island, keeping trade ties and selling Taipei weapons.

But the law does not recognize Tsai as a head of state, and China was infuriated at what it saw as a breach of protocol in Trump's acceptance of her call.

In December, Trump told The Wall Street Journal that "everything is on the table, including One China," suggesting that Beijing could save the policy by negotiating a trade deal with him.

In the shadow of this exchange, Chinese officials were anticipating a conciliatory message from Trump, according to Song Guoyou, an expert in China-US relations at Fudan University in Shanghai.

Trump took "a long time to learn the real importance of the volatile relations between China and the US," Song told AFP.

But he said the letter is "a very good sign" that Trump and his team will "take a pragmatic attitude toward China."

In recent weeks, Chinese social media users have expressed indignation at Trump's lack of engagement with Xi, particularly during last week's Lunar New Year holiday.

The outrage was somewhat mollified last Wednesday, when Trump's daughter Ivanka and her Chinese-speaking toddler attended a Lunar Near Year celebration at the Chinese embassy in Washington.



Trump to attend NATO summit in unfinished HQ: sources

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Brussels (AFP) Feb 9, 2017 - NATO will host a summit of leaders including US President Donald Trump in May at its new Brussels headquarters, even though it will not be ready by then, officials and sources said Thursday.

Security and IT systems at the $1.2-billion headquarters in the Belgian capital are behind schedule and so the transatlantic military alliance will only properly move in come September, sources told AFP.

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel said on Twitter late Wednesday that the meeting of 28 leaders would take place on May 25 and that the building would be opened then.

"Very pleased to welcome my colleagues for the next NATO summit in Brussels on 25th May and opening of new headquarters," Michel tweeted.

But NATO would not confirm the date or the venue, saying only that Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and Trump had agreed by phone on Sunday that the summit would be in late May.

"Consultations on the exact date are ongoing among allies. As to the summit venue, we aim to hold it at the new Headquarters," a NATO official told AFP.

Trump has previously criticised NATO, calling it "obsolete" in an interview earlier this year and pressing the rest of the 28-nation group to commit more money to it.

A source close to the matter told AFP that NATO aimed to inaugurate its new building after the summer holidays, "in my view more like the end of September."

- 'Slightly behind schedule' -

NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said earlier that the move would be a "complex logistical undertaking" involving more than 4,000 NATO staff and delegations from the 28 allies.

"The move to the new NATO headquarters has started and it's due to be completed later this year," she said in a statement to AFP.

"The new IT and security systems in the building are highly complex and we are slightly behind schedule in making all of them fully operational."

The supplier responsible for delivering the network infrastructure has still not delivered it to the alliance, which has in turn pushed back security tests, the source close to the matter said.

The new NATO HQ, with its distinctive shape of two double lightning bolts, is built just over the road from the current 1960s-era headquarters near Brussels airport.

It had been scheduled to open in the first quarter of 2017.

The White House confirmed last week that Trump will attend the May summit, easing doubts in Europe about the new US president's commitment to the bloc.

Trump expressed "strong support for NATO" in a phone call with Stoltenberg but also urged European members to pitch in more to ease the defence spending burden.

Trump's apparent coolness towards the alliance has been particularly alarming for some member nations given his friendly stance towards Russia, which NATO has described as being increasingly assertive in the wake of its seizure of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.



Lithuania says it 'trusts' Trump on defence

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Riga (AFP) Feb 9, 2017 - NATO member Lithuania said Thursday it trusts US President Donald Trump to make good on his predecessor's commitment to beef up the alliance's eastern flank.

The previous administration of president Barack Obama ordered an unprecedented deployment of troops to reassure NATO allies in eastern Europe after Russia's annexation of the Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.

"We trust the US administration," Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite said at a joint press conference with her Estonian, German and Latvian counterparts in Riga.

"We believe that all obligations will be fulfilled and we will have the same reliable NATO partner and ally as it was before.

"This is done already. We have American troops on our soil," Grybauskaite said. The US deploys rotations of around 120 soldiers in the Baltic state and 10 US tanks are to arrive there on Friday.

Grybauskaite's comments at a time of uncertainty for eastern NATO allies like Poland and the three Baltic states, who have been unsettled by Trump's seemingly pro-Moscow stance coupled with critical remarks about NATO.

Trump has called the alliance "obsolete" in terms of fighting terrorism, but of "fundamental importance" to transatlantic security.

Last summer, NATO ordered continuous troop rotations in four eastern members as a tripwire against Russian adventurism in states formerly under Moscow's control.

Confirming that Thursday's Riga trip would be his last foreign visit as head of state, outgoing German President Joachim Gauck said his choice of destination was "symbolic".

"It sends a conscious political signal that Germany stands at the side of our Baltic partners. The change in the security situation has illustrated the urgency of this," he said.

The Kremlin has denied any territorial ambitions and claims NATO is trying to encircle Russia.

But Moscow's deployment last year of nuclear-capable Iskander missiles into its heavily-militarised Kaliningrad exclave, which borders Lithuania and Poland, and frequent Russian military drills in the region have rattled nearby NATO states.



China says both sides will lose from conflict with US

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Sydney (AFP) Feb 8, 2017 - Beijing has played down the prospects of conflict with the United States over the South China Sea in the wake of aggressive rhetoric by Donald Trump's administration, saying both sides would lose.

China asserts sovereignty over almost all of the resource-rich region despite rival claims from Southeast Asian neighbours and has rapidly built reefs into artificial islands capable of hosting military planes.

The islands are considered a potential flashpoint and recent comments from White House spokesman Sean Spicer and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson have raised the temperature.

But Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on a visit to Australia that war would benefit no-one.

"For any sober-minded politician, they clearly recognise that there cannot be conflict between China and the United States," he said in Canberra through an interpreter late Tuesday, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation reported.

"Both will lose and both sides cannot afford that."

Spicer last month said the US "is going to make sure we protect our interests" in the South China Sea while Tillerson said China's access to the islands might be blocked -- raising the prospect of a military confrontation.

Wang said the US-China relationship had defied "all sorts of difficulties" over decades and pointed to more recent statements by US Defence Secretary James Mattis that it was important to give priority to diplomatic efforts, ABC said.

On a trip to Japan last week, Mattis said Beijing "has shredded the trust" of regional countries with the military fortification of islands it controls, but balanced the message with a call for disputes to be settled through arbitration and diplomacy.

- Deep engagement -

After scheduled strategic dialogue talks with Wang, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop on Wednesday said Beijing was keen for a close relationship with the Trump government.

"Beijing certainly welcomes a deep engagement with the United States," she told Sky News.

"They are looking forward to an era of cooperation, they see opportunity with the new administration to deepen the connections and as he (Wang) said, the United States and China have too much to lose for there to be conflict between them.

"My impression was that China is looking forward to engaging positively with the United States," she added.

Under President Barack Obama's administration, Washington insisted it was neutral on the question of sovereignty over the South China Sea islets, reefs and shoals.

But, while calling for the dispute to be resolved under international law, the US supported freedom of navigation by sending naval patrols through Chinese-claimed waters in a move supported by Canberra.

"We did discuss the South China Sea," said Bishop. "China is now deeply engaged in negotiations, discussions, consultations with the other claimants.

"Hopefully we'll continue to see both sides working very hard for peace and prosperity in our region."

China's island building programme in the South China Sea has irked neighbours -- many of whom also have claims to parts of the sea -- and caused global concern.

The Philippine defence secretary Delfin Lorenzana said Tuesday Manila expects China to try to build on a reef off the coast of the Philippines, adding this would be "unacceptable" in the flashpoint waterway.

Bishop urged Beijing to "play a responsible role, committed to the international rules-based order which has provided so much opportunity for peace, prosperity and stability" in its dealings in the South China Sea.



Trump tells Spanish leader he backs NATO

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Feb 8, 2017 - President Donald Trump told Spain's leader Mariano Rajoy on Tuesday that the United States is committed to NATO, the White House said, despite his past criticism of the transatlantic military alliance.

Trump's first conversation with Rajoy since taking office on January 20 served to "reaffirm the strong bilateral partnership across a range of mutual interests," the White House said.

"President Trump reiterated the US commitment to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and emphasized the importance of all NATO allies sharing the burden of defense spending."

The American president is due to meet with fellow NATO leaders in May. The United States provides significant funding to NATO, and Trump has previously urged other member nations to step up their contributions.

European leaders are concerned about Trump's virulent criticism of NATO -- he has dubbed the transatlantic military alliance "obsolete" -- at a time when it stands as the main defense against Russia's President Vladimir Putin.

Trump's friendly stance toward Putin has been under scrutiny, and triggered consternation among European allies, since he won the US election in November.

Trump took office with US-Russian ties at new lows amid accusations by American intelligence agencies that the Kremlin hacked Democratic Party emails as part of a pro-Trump campaign to influence the election.

Trump and Rajoy also discussed "shared priorities, including efforts to eliminate ISIS," the White House said, referring to the Islamic State group.

"The leaders agreed to continue close security, economic and counterterrorism cooperation."



German troops bulk up NATO-led force in Lithuania

‎Yesterday, ‎February ‎12, ‎2017, ‏‎5:56:35 AMGo to full article
Rukla, Lithuania (AFP) Feb 7, 2017 - Several hundred German soldiers arrived in Lithuania on Tuesday as part of the multinational NATO battalion being deployed in the country, part of the alliance's effort to beef up its eastern flank.

The battalion is one of four NATO is providing on a rotational basis to Lithuania and three other countries in light of a newly aggressive Russia.

The German troops will head up a force including Belgian, Dutch and French soldiers, among other nations, that will reach full strength of some 1,200 members this spring.

The unprecedented allied presence in Lithuania "significantly strengthens NATO's deterrence posture" during "an ongoing military buildup around our borders and aggressive actions in our region", Lithuania's President Dalia Grybauskaite said at the Rukla military base, northwest of Vilnius.

Germany's Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen, also at the base to welcome the troops, said "It sends a clear and important message to all: NATO stands strong and united".

Three similar NATO units, led by the US, Canada and Britain, will be deployed this year in Poland Latvia and Estonia.

The countries requested the troops after Russia's 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.

The Kremlin has denied any territorial ambitions and claims that NATO is trying to encircle Russia.

But Moscow's deployment last year of nuclear-capable Iskander missiles into its heavily militarised Kaliningrad exclave, which borders Lithuania and Poland, and frequent Russian military drills in the region have rattled nearby NATO states.

Lithuania has said it will build a fence on the border with Kaliningrad to counter smuggling and hybrid warfare threats, in particular the entry of unmarked Russian military personnel into NATO territory.

Grybauskaite on Tuesday called Kaliningrad's "aggressive militarisation" and Moscow's military drills "key threats".

Kestutis Girnius, who teaches at the Institute of International Relations and Political Science in Vilnius, told AFP that by "placing their own soldiers in the line of fire, NATO countries have given tangible proof of their commitment to Lithuania's security".

In recent years, Lithuania has purchased about half a billion euros' worth of German-made armoured vehicles, artillery and military trucks.



In one week, Trump shakes up Washington and the world

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 29, 2017 - Donald Trump hurtled through his first week in power, punching out at critics, dishing up "alternative facts," polarizing public opinion and making good on an electoral promise to shake up Washington.

One week into the Trump era and there is a serious case of political whiplash in America's capital.

Just a week ago, an outsider who never before held elected office rode into town. Seven days later, norms and doctrine that have guided the United States for decades are being re-examined.

Trump's down-to-the-studs gut job began with a feisty inaugural address: a call to arms that tested old distinctions between left and right.

"Today, we are not merely transferring power from one administration to another or from one party to another," he said.

"We are transferring power from Washington, DC, and giving it back to you, the people."

The establishment "elites" in big cities, in politics and the media were no longer the technocrats in charge of the world's only superpower, they were the enemy.

The new president also put the rest of the world on notice.

For the last 75 years, America had been what Barack Obama described as the "indispensable nation" -- the glue that bound the global order.

The era of Trump would be the era of "America first," he said, of naked self-interest and zero-sum diplomacy. Old alliances would be reassessed, new alliances would be explored.

Before his inauguration, many asked if the presidency would change Donald Trump, or whether Donald Trump would change the presidency.

Barely 20 minutes into his four-year term, anyone who was listening had their answer.

- Rolling thunder -

Before arriving to the Oval Office, Trump's strategists had decided to use the first few weeks to unleash a daily wave of executive orders.

The aim was to unbalance opponents, define Trump as a man of action and slake his supporters' thirst for change.

For much of middle America, globalization, automation and the Great Recession had been apocalyptic.

Politics had passed them over and worse, they felt steamrollered by "coastal elites" in America's "culture wars" over abortion, gay rights, immigration, global warming and religion.

Trump had won the election by promising to be their champion, and he was going to -- as Ronald Reagan said -- "dance with the one that brung ya."

For the most part, the CEO-in-chief put forward actions that could have come from any Republican in the country: defunding abortion, preening the military and approving oil pipelines.

But it was coated with a thick veneer of nationalist and populist rhetoric, and accompanying policies championed by top aide Steve Bannon.

Trump ripped up a trans-Pacific trade deal designed to counterbalance China's regional economic power, imposed a ban on refugees from Syria and migrants from seven other Muslim countries.

He ordered planning to begin to build a wall on Mexico's southern border and picked a very public fight with Mexico's president Enrique Pena Nieto, who cancelled a trip to Washington.

The United States, a nation founded by migrants, was now willing to shut its doors.

Not since Obama's election or perhaps the Iraq War has America's image around the world changed so dramatically and so quickly.

But Trump supporters saw an outsider sticking up for them and sticking it to the elites.

"Get used to it," said Trump aide Kellyanne Conway, boasting that Trump had delivered a "shock to the system."

"And he's just getting started," she said.

- Rocky start -

But it was not all positive for Trump. The White House is far from purring. Key positions have yet to be filled and the decision making process is haphazard.

Trump aides were forced to publicly row back suggestions of a 20 percent border tax on Mexican goods and defend a chaotic rollout of the refugee and migrant ban.

Throughout the week, Trump engaged in intemperate outbursts about the size of his inaugural crowd, alleged election fraud and perceived media persecution.

Privately, in call after call, he complained to top aides about press coverage. The impression was of a man focused on his image more than running the country.

Trump also seemed like a a man for whom becoming US president was not adulation enough.

Spokesman Sean Spicer -- between tirades and missteps -- offered a window onto the soul of the White House.

"There's this constant theme to undercut the enormous support he has," Spicer said.

"It's unbelievably frustrating when you're continually told it's not big enough; it's not good enough. You can't win."

According to a Quinnipiac poll, Trump's approval rating at the end of his first week stood at 36 percent.

But critics saw a more sinister motive for the outbursts, particularly Trump's unsubstantiated claim that three million people voted illegally in the election.

Brian Klaas, an expert on global democracy at the London School of Economics, sees Trump "casting aspersions (without evidence) on electoral integrity is a key way to restrict voting rights and erode confidence in elections."

"Attacking the media and blurring the lines of truth with state narratives not grounded in fact is important to sowing public doubt," he said.

Mindy Finn, who ran as a independent vice presidential candidate, summed up Trump's strategy as "sow chaos, deepen division and consolidate power."

For his harshest critics, the question is now whether Donald Trump breaks the presidency, or whether the presidency breaks Donald Trump.



Poland's leader hails 'historic' presence of US troops

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Warsaw (AFP) Jan 30, 2017 - Polish President Andrzej Duda on Monday hailed the "historic" presence of US soldiers on his country's soil, saying it would reinforce Poland's security within NATO.

The US armoured brigade of some 3,500 troops as well as tanks and heavy equipment arrived in Poland this month, one of the largest deployments of US forces in Europe since the Cold War.

"This moment is historic, because it changes the model in our part of Europe," Duda said at the launch of a joint exercise of Polish and American troops in Zagan, a town near the German border.

He was joined by Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, the US Army commander in Europe.

The previous US administration of president Barack Obama ordered the deployment to reassure NATO allies in eastern Europe after Russia's annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.

The Kremlin has denounced the operation as a "threat" to its security.

Although President Donald Trump has said he wants to ease tensions with Moscow, the deployments remain in place for now.

Three decades ago, the Zagan garrison which is hosting the US troops housed "another army which we had not invited and which we had to treat as allies," Duda said, referring to former Soviet troops in then-communist Poland.

The so-called "Iron Brigade", from Fort Carson in Colorado, will also be deployed in rotation in six other NATO members -- the three Baltic states as well as Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania.



NATO, Trump both want dialogue with Russia: Stoltenberg

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Brussels (AFP) Jan 31, 2017 - US President Donald Trump and NATO both agree on the need for dialogue with Russia from a position of strength, alliance chief Jens Stoltenberg said Tuesday.

Trump has badly rattled Europe with his softer line on Moscow and by calling into question Washington's near-70 year commitment to an alliance he dubbed "obsolete" and an unfair burden on the US taxpayer.

But Stoltenberg said that in recent phone conversations with Trump and US Defence Secretary James Mattis, "they all conveyed the same message that the United States remains committed to NATO and the transatlantic bond."

"The message of the new administration is that they also want dialogue with Russia but from a position of strength," Stoltenberg told reporters after talks with Bulgarian President Rumen Radev at NATO headquarters in Brussels.

NATO leaders in July last year signed off on the alliance's biggest military build-up since the end of the Cold War in response to Russia's intervention in Ukraine and its annexation of Crimea.

At the same time, they endorsed dialogue with "a more assertive" Russia so as to ensure transparency and to avoid any dangerous misunderstandings at a time of increased tensions.

Radev, seen as more sympathetic to Moscow than his predecessor, highlighted the fact that he had chosen NATO HQ for his first visit abroad since taking office.

"NATO remains an extremely important organisation to safeguard the allies ... we support NATO efforts to defend and deter and we believe that Bulgaria is part of these efforts," he said.

Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004 along with several other former communist states once ruled by Moscow.

Radev, a former air force commander, who was partly US-trained and according to Stoltenberg served at NATO, said earlier this month he believed Trump offered hope of an improvement in relations with Russia.



Greek, Turkish warships in brief faceoff near Greek islets

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Athens (AFP) Jan 29, 2017 - Greek and Turkish warships were involved Sunday in a brief faceoff near a group of disputed Greek islets in the Aegean, coinciding with renewed tensions between Athens and Ankara.

The Greek defence ministry said a Turkish navy missile boat, "along with two special forces rafts," entered Greek territorial waters near the Imia islets.

Located just off the Turkish coast and claimed by Ankara, the unhabited rocky specks are an historic flarepoint in a long-running demarcation dispute.

Greek coastguard vessels and a navy gunboat shadowed the Turkish group, notifying them of the violation, and the Turks left the area after about seven minutes, it said.

In Turkey, the local media initially reported that the Turkish warship -- with Chief of Staff General Hulusi Akar onboard -- was blocked by Greece from approaching the islets.

The private Dogan news agency reported that there were "tense moments" for half an hour before the Turkish ship returned to the Turkish peninsula of Bodrum.

But Turkish armed forces, quoted by the state-run news agency Anadolu, denied that the ship had been blocked, and said a small Greek coastguard vessel had watched from afar.

It added that General Akar was onboard the ship to "review and inspect" Turkish vessels in the Aegean.

The Imia islets -- called Kardak in Turkey -- lie just seven kilometres (4.5 miles) from Bodrum.

A row over their sovereignty islets flared in January 1996, when the two countries sent marines to two neighbouring islands in a sign of an imminent armed confrontation.

They then withdrew their troops after heavy diplomatic pressure by the United States, a fellow member of NATO.

Sunday's incident comes amid fresh tension between the two countries, after the Greek Supreme Court on Thursday blocked the extradition of eight former army officers who had fled to Greece after the failed July 15 coup.

Turkey lashed the ruling as "political" and threatened to scrap a "readmission agreement" under which Turkey has been taking in migrants landing illegally in Greece.

Turkish NATO soldiers seek asylum in Germany: report
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) Jan 28, 2017 - Several dozen Turkish soldiers assigned to NATO have sought asylum in Germany, a media report said Saturday, quoting officers who said they fear jail and possibly torture back home.

Around 43,000 people are under arrest in Turkey on charges or links to last year's failed military coup against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"About 40 Turkish troops, mostly of high rank and stationed in NATO bases, applied for asylum in Germany," Der Spiegel magazine and the ARD television station said in a joint report.

One officer, who insisted he had no connection to the coup attempt or sympathy for those behind it, was quoted as saying: "If I return to Turkey I risk imprisonment, or perhaps torture."

The report quoted Germany's interior ministry and Office for Migrants and Refugees as saying the soldiers would be treated no differently as other people who apply for asylum.

Turkey has been vital to European Union (EU) plans to stop the mass flow of migrants from the Middle East and Africa into the bloc, especially to Germany.

Relations between Ankara and Berlin deteriorated in the aftermath of the attempt to topple Erdogan but German Chancellor Angela Merkel is planning to visit Turkey on February 2.

The German government has expressed alarm about the crackdown on alleged plotters linked to the coup while Turkey has criticised Berlin for failure to extradite alleged terror suspects.

Turkey blames the coup effort on US based preacher Fethullah Gulen. He denies the charges.

Around three million Turkish people live in Germany.



Mattis assures European counterparts over NATO

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 27, 2017 - US Defense Secretary James Mattis has assured European counterparts about Washington's commitment to NATO, officials said Friday, as President Donald Trump plans to speak to the leaders of France, Germany and Russia.

Mattis spoke by phone to the defense ministers of France, Germany and Israel on Thursday, Pentagon spokesman Navy Captain Jeff Davis said.

Speaking to German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen, he "assured the minister of the United States' enduring commitment to the NATO alliance," Davis said in a statement.

"He thanked Minister von der Leyen for her country's leadership in NATO activities on the Eastern Flank and in Afghanistan, and acknowledged the role that Germany plays in fighting terrorism, specifically in the counter-ISIL coalition," he added, using an acronym for the Islamic state jihadist group.

"He also cited the strategic importance of Germany as the host to 35,000 US personnel, the largest US force presence in Europe," Davis said.

Mattis also stressed NATO's importance to his French counterpart Jean-Yves Le Drian, with whom he discussed "the long-time allies' security cooperation, which is stronger than ever as both countries engage side-by-side in the fight against terrorism," he added.

As the European Union's leading members, both countries have been rattled by Trump's denigration of NATO, which he has called "obsolete," and his praise of Russian President Vladimir Putin, whom they accuse of seeking to undermine Western unity.

Trump, who has often praised Putin, is expected to speak to him, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande on Saturday, the White House said.

Trump took office last week with US relations with Russia at new Cold War-level lows amid accusations by American intelligence agencies that the Kremlin leaked hacked Democratic Party emails as part of a campaign to influence November's election.

Trump -- who has raised the prospect of easing sanctions imposed against Russia after its annexation of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in 2014 -- has cast doubt on whether Russia meddled in the election.

Mattis also spoke by phone with Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman on Thursday "to underscore his unwavering commitment to Israel's security," Davis said.



Trump, Merkel agree on NATO's 'fundamental importance'

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 28, 2017 - President Donald Trump and Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel agreed Saturday on NATO's "fundamental importance," the White House said, despite the American leader's past characterization of the transatlantic military alliance as "obsolete."

During their telephone call, which also touched on the situation in North Africa and the Middle East, relations with Russia, and the crisis in Ukraine, Trump accepted Merkel's invitation to attend the upcoming G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, in July.

"The president and chancellor also agreed on the NATO alliance's fundamental importance to the broader transatlantic relationship and its role in ensuring the peace and stability of our North Atlantic community," a White House statement said.

"In this vein, the leaders recognized that NATO must be capable of confronting 21st century threats and that our common defense requires appropriate investment in military capabilities to ensure all Allies are contributing their fair share to our collective security."

It said the pair agreed to boost cooperation to fight terror and violent extremism, as well as to stabilize conflict zones in North Africa and the Middle East.

The call was part of a series of conversations Trump was holding Saturday with various world leaders, including Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Francois Hollande and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull.

As the European Union's leading members, both France and Germany have been rattled by Trump's virulent criticism of NATO, and his praise of Putin, whom they accuse of seeking to undermine Western unity.

Trump took office last week with US-Russia relations at new Cold War-level lows amid accusations by American intelligence agencies that the Kremlin leaked hacked Democratic Party emails as part of a pro-Trump campaign to influence November's election.

The new president -- who has raised the prospect of easing sanctions imposed against Russia after its annexation of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in 2014 -- has cast doubt on whether Russia meddled in the election.

"Both leaders affirmed the importance of close German-American cooperation to our countries' security and prosperity and expressed their desire to deepen already close German-American relations in the coming years," the White House statement said.

It added that Trump looked forward to hosting Merkel "soon" in Washington.



Top general resigns in NATO member Poland

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Warsaw (AFP) Jan 27, 2017 - Poland's top general resigned on Friday, the latest senior military figure to quit at a time when US and NATO troops are deploying in the country to reinforce the alliance's eastern flank.

The surprise resignations of several key generals over the last year have rocked Poland's right-wing government as it faces terse criticism at home and abroad over a host of controversial reforms.

"I am coming to the end of my duties as Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces. On January 31, 2017 I will end professional military service and say goodbye to my uniform," General Mieczyslaw Gocul wrote in a statement published on the General Staff website.

Poland's PAP news agency said it was not immediately clear who would replace him but the role will fall to his deputy, General Michal Sikora, should no one be named by the end of January.

Rumours about Gocul's resignation began in December, after the departure of Lieutenant General Miroslaw Rozanski, who had reformed the chain of command and Brigadier General Adam Duda, who was responsible for arms purchases.

Rozanski's moves to put the army, air force, navy and special forces intended to give the General Staff strategic planning capacity were slammed by the governing Law and Justice (PiS) party.

Local media have speculated that the departures could be a protest against how PiS Defence Minister Antoni Macierewicz, who is on a crusade to stamp out all traces of the communist era, is running the military.

The generals quit amid heightened tensions with Poland's Soviet-era master Russia.

Last summer, NATO leaders endorsed plans to rotate troops into Poland and the three Baltic states to reassure them they would not be left in the lurch if Russia was tempted to repeat its Ukraine intervention.

The Pentagon has separately sent an armoured brigade with some 3,500 troops and heavy equipment to Poland.

This operation has sparked anger from Russia, with the Kremlin describing it as a "threat" on its "doorstep".

US President Donald Trump has suggested his administration will seek to ease tensions with Moscow, but a week into his presidency, the deployments remain intact.



NATO says Montenegro membership to send 'clear signal'

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Brussels (AFP) Jan 26, 2017 - Montenegro's NATO membership will send a strong signal of commitment to regional security, secretary general Jens Stoltenberg said Thursday, amid growing Western concern about Russian influence in the Balkans.

"Your NATO membership will send a clear signal of stability and security in the whole region, which is the basis for prosperity," Stoltenberg told Montenegro Prime Minister Dusko Markovic at the alliance's headquarters in Brussels.

"NATO membership will strengthen Montenegro's sovereignty," he added, apparently a reference to recent turmoil involving pro-Russian groups in Montenegro who oppose joining the alliance.

NATO signed the accession agreement with Montenegro last year, paving the way for the country to become its 29th member at a time of increasing tension between the West and a more assertive Russia.

Moscow condemned the move as another instance of NATO's encroachment in its backyard, helping fan the opposition groups that demanded a referendum on the issue.

Stoltenberg said NATO and Montenegro had worked together closely for many years, and he was "looking forward to take that cooperation to a new level when Montenegro becomes a full member."

Twenty-one of the 28 NATO allies have ratified Montenegro's accession, and France was expected to do so on Thursday, he said.

Asked about US ratification and concerns that President Donald Trump's more sceptical view of NATO could cause delay, Stoltenberg said he was not worried.

"I am confident that the accession protocol will be ratified by the Senate. It has already passed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and it has strong bipartisan support," he said.

Markovic also said he was confident there would be no problems.

"I would say this tension over US ratification is encouraged by those who are against it, but we are absolutely certain it will take place very soon," he said.

Among other states of the former Yugoslavia, Croatia and Slovenia have joined NATO, along with many East European countries once ruled from Moscow.



Cock of the walk: Trump to thrive in Year of the Rooster

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Hong Kong (AFP) Jan 24, 2017 - US president Donald Trump will strut through the Year of the Rooster, thriving as Hong Kong geomancers predict 2017 will be marked by the arguments and aggression -- characteristics attributed to the animal.

With Trump at the top of the pecking order, the volatile traits of the rooster -- combined with the year's signature element of fire -- mean rocky times ahead, particularly in the western world, feng shui masters say.

"The rooster likes to pick fights, loves to have verbal arguments and is combative," Hong Kong soothsayer Thierry Chow told AFP.

Trump's inauguration was met with mass protests in the US and he has already riled China, prompting fears of a trade war between the world's top two economies.

Chow predicted he would ruffle more feathers in his first year as president.

"There will be a lot of strikes and even riots," says Chow.

Although born in the Year of the Dog, Trump can afford to be cocky due to his flock of faithful followers and his personal "bazi" element of earth, which is compatible with the fire element defining 2017.

According to the philosophy of feng shui, all events are dictated by the varying balances in the five elements that make up the universe: metal, wood, water, fire and earth.

"Bazi" are fate-setting traits linked to the exact time and date of a person's birth.

"The year will have all these elements, these people, these things and environment which will help him personally as a president," says Chow.

Celebrity feng shui master Alion Yeo said the US economy would benefit due to the rooster's signature element of metal, which also represents money and stocks.

"Trump's 'bazi' shows he will be prosperous, so the US stock market will perform well in 2017," Yeo said.

But he says Trump's good luck will only be temporary as the elements turn against him in future years.

"He will have a good run in 2017, but this won't be the case for 2018 (the Year of the Dog)," says Yeo.

- 'Communicate with the heavens' -

Feng shui -- literally meaning "wind-water" -- is influential in many parts of Asia, where people adjust their lives and carefully position items such as a cup of wine or pieces of ivory in offices and homes to maximise their luck and wealth.

Those who practise the ancient philosophy were highly sought-after by Chinese dynastic rulers as far back as 1,000 years ago.

"We were government workers in the past and would help the emperors ask the heavens whether the year was going to be a good one or not," Yeo said.

One traditional method was to shake three coins in a turtle shell and see which way they fell in order to judge important topics, including picking dates for marriage or how to fight a major battle.

Yeo still rolls coins to make predictions but uses a cup not a turtle shell. Others use a metal shell replica.

To divine the future, Yeo says the geomancer's heart must be "very quiet".

"Whether or not you can communicate with the heavens is a gift," he adds.

Yeo says the world will be like a "sick ox" in 2017, with an even less favourable outlook than tumultuous 2016.

"It can barely even get up to eat the grass around it," he says, adding that Europe will fare particularly badly.

The rooster's metal element signifies western countries, especially Europe, and will come under pressure from the year's fire element, explains Yeo.

Brexit and the refugee crisis will drive more chaos for the continent in 2017, says Chow, who uses the "flying star" system to make her predictions based on constellation positions.

"I wouldn't say things are calming down," she said.

"It will be a year of very heated arguments."



Trump aide: media is 'opposition,' should shut up

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎31, ‎2017, ‏‎12:39:24 PMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 26, 2017 - A top aide to President Donald Trump is blasting the news media as the "opposition," saying it should "keep its mouth shut" after being humiliated by failing to foresee his election win, according to an interview published Thursday.

The brazen rebuke to the mainstream media came from Stephen Bannon, Trump's chief White House strategist who before the election had headed the far-fight, pro-Trump Breitbart News.

The comments suggest no respite in the war against the mainstream media, which has been calling out the new president over false statements even as he accuses the press of being dishonest and biased.

"The media should be embarrassed and humiliated and keep its mouth shut and just listen for a while," Bannon told the New York Times in a telephone interview.

"The media here is the opposition party. They don't understand this country. They still do not understand why Donald Trump is the president of the United States."

Bannon's comments appeared to escalate the White House campaign to discredit the press, and follow a statement from Trump last week which said journalists were "among the most dishonest people on earth."

"The elite media got it dead wrong, 100 percent dead wrong," Bannon was quoted as saying of the election, and said it was "a humiliating defeat that they will never wash away."

Bannon, asked about the credibility of White House spokesman Sean Spicer after a series of tense exchanges with reporters, turned the question back to the Times reporter

"The media has zero integrity, zero intelligence, and no hard work," he said. "You're the opposition party. Not the Democratic Party."

Since the weekend, Trump has been embroiled in controversy over the crowd at his swearing-in, with both he and the White House overstating its size -- and dismissing conflicting evidence as biased against him.

On Monday, he told congressional leaders that as many as five million people could have voted illegally in November -- a claim backed by no public evidence.

Some analysts see a deliberate strategy of delegitimizing the press, in order to curtail future scrutiny of the new administration.



Trump govt faces rising risk of international conflict: study

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 9, 2017 - The incoming Donald Trump administration faces a world of greater risk of conflict, slower growth and more anti-democratic pressures than ever since the Cold War, a new US intelligence report released Monday said.

US leadership is ebbing amid shifts in economic, political and technological power, deep changes in the global landscape "that portend a dark and difficult near future," according to the National Intelligence Council's "Global Trends: Paradox of Progress" report.

"The next five years will see rising tensions within and between countries," said the report.

"For better or worse, the emerging global landscape is drawing to a close an era of American dominance following the Cold War."

The National Intelligence Council, a research group under the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, issues its global assessment every four years, and the new one came 11 days before Trump is inaugurated as president.

It painted a gloomy picture of the challenges pulling at the post-World War II global order, including extreme income disparities, technological dislocation, demographic shifts, the impacts of global warming, and intensifying communal conflicts.

Moreover, Western democracies will find it harder and harder to stick to their principles and avoid being pulled apart from each other.

"It will be much harder to cooperate internationally and govern in ways publics expect," it said.

More countries will be able to "veto" cooperative efforts and the myriad channels of global communication will leave large numbers and groups of people misinformed and divided.

"Information 'echo chambers' will reinforce countless competing realities."

The report, whose authors comprise analysts from the intelligence and academic communities, also says that the liberalism that defined the West and allies after World War II is under threat from populism on both the right and left, as governing countries and societies gets harder.

"Publics will demand governments deliver security and prosperity, but flat revenues, distrust, polarization and a growing list of emerging issues will hamper government performance."

Those trends underscore the need for Washington to shore up traditional Western alliances and friendships as Russian and China test their resolve to preserve their influence.

Yet, the report said, US leaders not to be tempted to try to resuscitate the kind of Pax Americana that steered the global order from the 1950s.

"It will be tempting to impose order on this apparent chaos, but that ultimately would be too costly in the short run and would fail in the long run," eroding US political strength.

The report was released three days after a US intelligence community report said Moscow undertook an unprecedented effort to interfere in the US presidential election and support Trump that was directed by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Trump has criticized the intelligence community and has yet to publicly say if he accepts that conclusion.



NATO's new $1.2-bn base held up by IT glitches

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Brussels (AFP) Jan 9, 2017 - Completion of NATO's new $1.2-billion headquarters in Brussels, expected to open this year, has been held up by problems with its IT and communications systems, Belgium said on Monday.

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg has said he hopes the building will be ready for a summit in 2017, the first for incoming US president Donald Trump, who has expressed reservations over the alliance's role.

Security, especially after allegations of Russian cyber attacks and hacking during the US presidential campaign, is a top priority for the US-led NATO alliance, with its glass and steel HQ near Brussels airport meant to be state of the art.

Asked about reports of hold-ups, a Belgian defence ministry spokeswoman told AFP there "was a bit of a delay (due to problems linked) to information and communication technologies."

The spokeswoman said that while Belgium, as host country, was responsible for overall construction of the building, the information systems had been contracted out separately by NATO.

Asked how long the delay may be, she said she could not say if the work would be completed in the first half of the year, as had been expected, and added that the Belgian government would shortly contact NATO to discuss the problem.

Separately, a NATO official insisted work was in its "final phase", with the building's construction and installation of equipment expected to be largely completed during the coming weeks.

The original plan was for NATO to move into the new HQ this year, "and this plan stands," the official said.

Stoltenberg and other NATO officials have repeatedly warned of the dangers posed by cyber warfare to modern societies dependent on computer and communications networks.



NATO and Russia in game of cat and mouse in Baltic skies

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Siauliai, Lithuania (AFP) Jan 6, 2017 - French jets have been engaged in a game of cat and mouse with Russian fighters in the skies above the Baltic states, as NATO keeps a close eye on Russia's ambitions.

Four French Mirage jets this week completed a four-month tour of duty in Lithuania -- and their crews were busy, engaging with Russian planes on 23 occasions.

"We use the term 'intercept' but it is better to say 'identify' and 'observe'," Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Diakite told AFP at the base in the freezing surroundings of Siauliai in northern Lithuania.

"The Russians take care to remain in international airspace, flying along the Baltic area without going into it. They have a right to be there, but so do we," he said.

"So we take off to have a look, identify the plane and photograph it, to show we're there."

Russian planes have been flying close to NATO's northern border for several years now, and the number of flights increased after the Ukrainian crisis started in 2014.

"It's a little game, a demonstration of strength to show that they are back after their fleet underwent large-scale modernisation," said General Olivier Taprest, commander of France's aerial defence, who took part in a ceremony in Siauliai to mark the end of the deployment.

NATO radars regularly pick up Russian Sukhoi fighter-bombers, Antonov transport planes and strategic long-range Tupolev bombers crossing the so-called Omega Line, NATO's self-imposed line that runs from the north of Norway. Crossing it triggers alerts at NATO bases and planes are scrambled.

Tupolev bombers were spotted three times in the final months of 2016, flying over the Baltic states and to the west of the British Isles.

A year earlier, in November 2015, Tupolevs were even recorded flying around Ireland and across the Mediterranean to drop bombs in Syria before heading back to Russia through Iranian airspace.

It was done, the French officers said, merely as a show of force to the Americans.

"It was completely useless from a tactical point of view, but it sent a message: if you calculate the distance flown, it shows you could reach New York," General Taprest said.

- Guard dogs -

NATO's jets are rather like guard dogs kept behind a fence, without ever actually biting or even barking -- their presence is to show Moscow that the transatlantic alliance will defend its members' skies and approaching the limits of that will provoke a reaction.

The procedure is strictly ordered.

The two "intercept" jets first fly to within a kilometre (half a mile) behind the "bogey", as an unidentified plane is called. Then one of them moves next to the wing of the target at a distance of between 300 metres (yards) and 50 metres.

The aim, clearly, is to let the pilot know he is being watched.

"If it's night-time, we shine a light into their cockpit," one of the French pilots, who wanted to be identified only by his nickname "Rom's", told AFP.

"Sometimes they respond with their decoy flare, sometimes they don't. Then we switch to autopilot to allow us to take photographs which are then sent to the military command."

If the Russian plane does not deviate from its course and remains in international airspace, no further action is taken.

However, if the plane intrudes into NATO airspace, the response ratchets up in several steps, starting with the firing of a decoy flare until actual warning shots are fired. The final response would be launching a missile to down the plane.

"We can try to contact the Russian pilot over the radio on the aeronautical emergency frequency. Sometimes they reply," Rom's said.

When pilots fly side-by-side at a distance of 50 metres, they can see each other up close and can even signal to one another.

"But most of the time they don't look at us. They have their path to follow and they don't deviate from it," he added.



Hundreds protest as Sri Lanka launches Chinese industrial zone

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Colombo (AFP) Jan 7, 2017 - Sri Lanka police fired teargas to disperse hundreds of people protesting the launch Saturday of a special industrial zone in the island's south that hopes to attract billions of dollars in Chinese investment.

Protesters pelted government supporters with stones and police retaliated with teargas and water cannon at the launch, which was also attended by the prime minister and the Chinese ambassador, a police official told AFP.

Authorities said about 25 people were hurt in the skirmishes, including 12 police.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and ambassador Yi Xianliang said the zone in Hambantota, 240 kilometres (150 miles) south of Colombo, will generate thousands of jobs and bring in about $5 billion in Chinese investment.

But residents are afraid they will loose their land to the project, which is situated adjacent to a loss-making $1.4 billion harbour that Colombo hopes to turn into a joint venture with a Chinese company.

The port has already proved controversial in itself with hundreds of temporary dock workers going on strike in December demanding that they be absorbed into the main port-owning company ahead of any sale to the Chinese.

The government denies residents will lose any land to the new industrial zone, saying 95 percent of the area allocated for the project is state-owned and the remainder will be bought from private owners. They say there will be no forced acquisitions.

"In the next two to five years, if everything is OK, there will be about $5 billion of (Chinese) investments in this zone," ambassador Yi said at the launch, adding that 100,000 jobs could be created.

Prime Minister Wickremesinghe said creating the special area for Chinese investors was aimed at making the debt-burdened Hambantota port viable.

"The Hambantota port was going to sink us (Sri Lanka), but we are now trying to leverage it to create new economic activity and boost growth," Wickremesinghe said.

The government, which came to power in 2015, has been trying to renegotiate the terms of its $8-billion Chinese debt, which includes the construction costs of the Hambantota port as well as a nearby international airport which is used by only one airline.

The former administration relied heavily on China to build ports, highways and railways as Western nations shunned it over its dismal human rights record.



Russian Marines in smashing Philippine charm offensive

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Manila (AFP) Jan 5, 2017 - Russian Marines shattered glass bottles with their heads and smashed burning wooden planks against each other Thursday as part of an eye-catching charm offensive in the Philippines, a traditional US ally.

The camouflage-clad Marines showed off their pistol-shooting, knife-fighting and martial arts skills to the Filipino public in Manila's central park as part of a "goodwill visit" spearheaded by two warships following Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's announced pivot away from the United States.

As bewildered passers-by watched, the Russians smashed boards with their fists, had cinder blocks crushed on their stomachs and endured beatings from flaming planks.

The show culminated with them smashing glass bottles on their heads without any visible effect.

After the display, eager Filipinos rushed to take "selfies" with the beret-wearing Russians.

"The performances were great, the stunts were quite impressive," gushed student Antonio Chua.

Filipinos were also allowed to attend an open house on the submarine-hunter Admiral Tributs, one of the two ships making what was only the Russian Navy's third-ever port call in the Philippines.

Duterte, who calls himself a socialist, has championed a move away from the United States and towards US rivals Russia and China following American criticism of his bloody war on crime that has claimed thousands of lives.

"America has lost," Duterte said on a visit to China in October last year.

"I've realigned myself in your (Chinese) ideological flow and maybe I will also go to Russia to talk to (President Vladimir) Putin and tell him that there are three of us against the world: China, Philippines and Russia. It's the only way."

Russia's ambassador to the Philippines Igor Khovaev said Thursday he expected a planned visit by Duterte to Russia in April or May to be "a milestone".

"It will be a very successful visit that will give a powerful impetus (to our) cooperation in different fields," Khovaev told reporters at the Marines' display.



Indonesia backs down in Australia military row

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Jakarta (AFP) Jan 5, 2017 - Indonesia appeared to back down Thursday from a decision to suspend all military cooperation with Australia in a row over teaching materials, with a senior minister saying only language training had been put on hold.

The Indonesian military said Wednesday that military cooperation with Canberra, including joint exercises and exchange programmes, had been put on ice last month after teaching materials deemed offensive to Jakarta were found at an Australian army base.

The row erupted after a visiting Indonesian officer raised concerns about the materials at a language training facility in Perth.

Indonesia's military chief General Gatot Nurmantyo told reporters it involved "unethical stuff" which "discredits Indonesia and its military, even the nation's ideology".

He said it concerned East Timor -- which seceded from Indonesia after a bloody occupation -- the Papuan region's independence movement and the nation's founding philosophy "Pancasila", all deeply sensitive topics for the Indonesian military.

But following the military's announcement, leaders of both Australia and Indonesia publicly insisted ties were strong before Indonesian Security Minister Wiranto announced Thursday he was giving a "clarification" after receiving information from Nurmantyo.

The military "has temporarily suspended cooperation in language training," said the minister in a statement, adding it was due to "a small incident that has offended our dignity as a nation".

But he said Indonesia was not "completely stopping all cooperation", contradicting the earlier military statement. Indonesian and Australian forces cooperate on a range of issues from border protection to counter-terrorism.

"The suspension is temporary and will be resumed after Australia clearly takes measures to resolve the matter," he added.

- 'Relationship strong' -

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation also broadcast footage Thursday of Nurmantyo giving a lecture in November, voicing fears Canberra was trying to recruit soldiers sent to Australia for training.

"Every time there is a training programme -- like recently -- the best five or 10 students would be sent to Australia. That happened before I was chief so I let that happen," he said in translated remarks, according to the broadcaster.

"Once I became chief commander of the national forces, it (the students being sent) did not happen again. They will certainly be recruited."

Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne denied Canberra had targeted Indonesian soldiers to be potential agents.

She added that an investigation into the teaching materials that sparked the spat was almost complete and the government took the concerns seriously.

Despite the row, Indonesian President Joko Widodo said relations with Canberra remained robust.

"I think the relationship between Indonesia and Australia is in good condition, but perhaps on the operational level it still needs to be discussed so things will not heat up," he said.

But he added the dispute about teaching materials was "a matter of principle" that needed to be cleared up.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull later said that Widodo "and I share a firm commitment to continue to build on the close relationship between our countries, based on common interests and mutual respect.

"I look forward to this matter being resolved as soon as possible."

It is the latest tiff between the key allies and neighbours, whose relationship has been beset in recent years by disputes over Jakarta's execution of Australian drug smugglers and Canberra's hardline policy of turning migrant boats back to Indonesia.

Tensions also emerged over the role of notorious Indonesian unit Kopassus' part in human rights abuses in East Timor in 1999 as the then-Indonesian territory geared up for independence.




Obama urges military to make Trump transition smooth

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Washington (AFP) Jan 4, 2017 - President Barack Obama on Wednesday huddled with top military commanders, urging a smooth transition of power and praising their respect for civilian rule.

"We have to make sure that during this transition period that there is a seamless passing of the baton," Obama said in remarks before a closed-door meeting with his Joint Chiefs of Staff and regional combatant commanders.

Obama will leave the White House on January 20, when Donald Trump is sworn in as the 45th president of the United States.

Trump's mercurial personality and meteoric rise to become the world's most powerful man has led to a slew of questions about how he will wield that power.

Against that backdrop Obama made comments about the military's role that would be unremarkable at any other time, but today appear laden.

"My optimism about America going forward is in part because we have such an amazing military," Obama said.

The armed forces, he said, is "not only one that knows how to fight, but also knows how to uphold the values of the rule of law, professionalism, integrity and recognizes our constitutional structure and maintains strict adherence and respect for civilian authority and democratic practices in determining how we use the awesome force of the American military."

During the 2016 election campaign, the presence of several high profile retired generals at campaign events had prompted questions about the politicization of the military.

Almost 100 retired generals and other senior officers endorsed Hillary Clinton.

Retired general Mike Flynn campaigned for Trump -- and has been tapped to become his national security advisor.

Trump has also nominated retired general James Mattis to become Secretary of Defense and retired general Jon Kelly to run the Department of Homeland Security.

The election-time furor prompted Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford -- who was at the White House meeting Wednesday -- to write an open letter in October about the military's role during elections.

"While we must always safeguard our professional integrity, extra vigilance is required during any political transition," he wrote.

"Our individual and collective obligation during this election season is twofold. First, we must recognize that we have one Commander in Chief, and until authority is transferred on January 20, 2017, the Joint Force must remain clearly focused on and responsive to the existing national command authority."

"Second, the Joint Force must conduct itself in such a way that the new administration has confidence that it will be served by a professional, competent, and apolitical military. "



Russia flags war games with US ally Philippines

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Manila (AFP) Jan 3, 2017 - The Russian Navy said Tuesday it was planning to hold war games with the Philippines, as two of its ships made a rare stop in Manila following Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte's pivot from the United States.

Rear Admiral Eduard Mikhailov, the deputy commander of the Russian Navy's Pacific fleet, said the joint military exercises would focus on maritime piracy and terrorism, which he described as the region's two top security concerns.

"We're very sure that in the future we'll get such exercises with you, maybe just the manoeuvreing or maybe use some combat systems and so on," Mikhailov told reporters beside the docked Russian destroyer Admiral Tributs.

Mikhailov also raised the prospect of joint exercises with China and Malaysia in the South China Sea, where competing territorial claims have been a major source of tension and potential conflict for decades.

"We really hope that in a few years, the military exercises for example in your region, in the South China Sea, will (involve) for example, not only Russia-Philippines, but Russia, Philippines, China and maybe Malaysia together."

The visit was only the third ever by Russian military vessels to the Philippines, according to the Filipino Navy's Commodore Francisco Cabudao, who led the welcoming ceremony for the Russian ships.

The Philippines, a former American colony, had for decades been one of the United States' most important and loyal allies in Asia. The two are bound by a mutual defence pact.

But Duterte, a self-described socialist, has during his six months in power sought to dramatically shift his nation's foreign and military alliances towards China and Russia.

Duterte has made repeated threats to downgrade or even end military and diplomatic ties with Washington. He has put on hold the dozens of war games held annually with the United States, and said he wants all American troops to leave the Philippines.

The animosity followed US President Barack Obama's criticism of Duterte's brutal war on drug crime that has left thousands of people dead in the Philippines.

During a trip to Beijing in October last year, Duterte enthused about his plans to forge closer ties with Russia and China.

"America has lost. I've realigned myself in your (Chinese) ideological flow and maybe I will also go to Russia to talk to (President Vladimir) Putin and tell him that there are three of us against the world: China, Philippines and Russia. It's the only way," he said.

Philippine officials have said Duterte is expected to visit Russia in April or May. Duterte has said he is open to the Philippine military holding joint exercises with Russia and China.



Indonesia suspends military cooperation with Australia

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Jakarta (AFP) Jan 4, 2017 - Indonesia said Wednesday it has suspended military cooperation with Australia, reportedly due to training materials deemed offensive, in a fresh flare-up of tensions between the neighbours.

Cooperation including military exercises and education and exchange programmes were put on hold last month, said Indonesian military spokesman Wuryanto.

"Military cooperation with Australian forces has been suspended temporarily due to technical matters," the spokesman, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, told AFP.

Indonesian newspaper Kompas said it came after an instructor from Indonesia's special forces found training materials he thought were disrespectful towards his country and armed forces at an Australian academy during an exchange programme.

Wuryanto refused to confirm this, saying only that the suspension was due to several problems.

The neighbours are key allies but the relationship has had many ups and downs.

Ties sank to their lowest level in years under former Australian premier Tony Abbott due to rows about Jakarta's execution of Australian drug smugglers and Canberra's hardline policy of turning migrant boats back to Indonesia.

Indonesia had previously suspended military exercises with Australia, in 2013, due to allegations that Australian spies tried to tap the phone of then Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, but they resumed the following year.

Wuryanto said the Indonesian military sent a letter to the Australian Defence Force on December 9 notifying them of the suspension.

"Hopefully the problem will be resolved soon," he said, adding that the Indonesian military was still in communication with the Australian forces.

It was the first serious row between the neighbours for some time, with relations having improved since Malcolm Turnbull became Australia's leader in 2015.



Duterte seeks 'strategic shift' from US to China: envoy

‎Tuesday, ‎January ‎10, ‎2017, ‏‎4:04:43 AMGo to full article
Manila (AFP) Jan 2, 2017 - The Philippines is tilting away from its traditional ally the United States towards China in a bid to "normalise" relations following a longstanding territorial dispute, the country's incoming ambassador to Beijing said Monday.

Manila has been one of Washington's most loyal allies in Asia, but Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has threatened to end the decades-long alliance after the US criticised his bloody war on drugs that has killed over 5,000 people since he took office in June.

His fiery rhetoric against the US has been followed by overtures to China as he has sought to assuage Beijing's concerns over Manila's competing claims to the South China Sea.

The new Philippine ambassador to China, Jose "Chito" Sta. Romana, told AFP the move represented "a strategic shift in our foreign policy".

"We were one-sidedly imbalanced in favour of the US," he said.

"We are not abandoning our alliance with the US.... We are basically trying to normalise our relations with China."

Beijing claims most of the South China Sea despite competing claims from the Philippines and other Asian countries, but a UN-backed tribunal ruled in July that China's claims had no legal basis in a resounding victory for Manila.

Duterte's decision to set aside the territorial conflict in exchange for Chinese investment and aid has given Beijing a boost in its quest for more control over the strategically vital waters.

The incoming envoy, a former Beijing-based journalist, said Manila was open to working with China to access resources in the disputed region.

"The Chinese viewed the Philippines as a geopolitical pawn or Trojan horse of the US. Now they look at us as a friendly neighbour."

He added that relations with the US plunged after Washington criticised Duterte's crackdown on crime.

"The problem came after they began lecturing him. The president considers it an internal affair," he said.

"The Chinese don't comment on your internal affairs."





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The History of the House of Rothschild

by Andrew Hitchcock



  • Hitchcock also wrote a history for the bankers:



  • One of our listeners added images and photos and turned this Rothschild document

into a PowerPoint presentation. It is very large; 67 megabytes:









The Rothschilds have been in control of the world for a very long time, their tentacles reaching into many aspects of our daily lives, as is documented in the following timeline.  However, before you jump to the timeline, please read this invaluable introduction which will tell you who the Rothschilds are as oppose to who they claim to be.

The Rothschilds claim that they are Jewish, when in fact they are Khazars.  They are from a country called Khazaria, which occupied the land locked between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which is now predominantly occupied by Georgia.  The reason the Rothschilds claim to be Jewish is that the Khazars under the instruction of the King, converted to the Jewish faith in 740 A.D., but of course that did not include converting their Asiatic Mongolian genes to the genes of the Jewish people.

You will find that approximately 90% of people in the world today who call themselves Jews are actually Khazars, or as they like to be known, Ashkenazi Jews.  These people knowingly lie to the world with their claims that the land of Israel is theirs by birthright, when in actual fact their real homeland is over 800 miles away in Georgia.

So, next time you hear an Israeli Prime Minister bleating about the so-called persecution of the Jews, consider this, every Prime Minister of Israel has been an Ashkenazi Jew.  Therefore when all these Prime Ministers have curried favour with the West for their re-establishment of a Jewish homeland, they have knowingly and deliberately lied to you, as they were never from that region, and they well know it, because it is they who call themselves Ashkenazi Jews.

The Book of Revelation, Chapter 2, Verse 9, states the following which would appear to be about these Ashkenazi Jews:

"I know thy works, and tribulation and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan."
The most wealthy bloodline in the world bar none and the leader of the Ashkenazi Jews in the world today is the Rothschild family.  As you will see in the timeline, the Rothschilds have obtained this position through lies, manipulation and murder.  Their bloodline also extends into the Royal Families of Europe, and the following family names:  Astor; Bundy; Collins; duPont; Freeman; Kennedy; Morgan; Oppenheimer; Rockefeller; Sassoon; Schiff; Taft; and Van Duyn.

However, these are not the only bloodlines to worry about.  You are probably aware of the centuries old pratice undertaken by many Ashkenazi Jews whereby they would change their name, in order for them to appear part of the dominant race of the country in which they lived, so as they could obtain influential positions in that country, which they would then exploit to serve their real masters elsewhere.  There is plenty of evidence to prove the Rothschilds continue that deceptive tradition.

Furthermore the Rothschilds are known to sire many children secretly that they can put into positions of power when required.  This started with the very first man who took the name Rothschild, who had a secret sixth son.  Finally, remember the world is a diverse place, I could if I wanted change my name to Rothschild, or any of the names listed above, and that would not make me part of this family anymore than converting to Judaism in 740 A.D. will make these Ashkenazis Jewish.

Please, therefore, do not automatically assume someone you see with the name Rothschild or any of the names listed above are part of the Rothschild criminal network.  Furthermore and most importantly, the majority of Ashkenazi Jews are innocent and not part of this network.  Check the facts out for yourself first, this article is designed to inform people who the enemy is, not single out people of a particular race or people with a particular surname, who may have nothing to do with this Rothschild criminal network.

1743: Mayer Amschel Bauer, an Ashkenazi Jew, is born in Frankfurt, Germany, the son of Moses Amschel Bauer, a money lender and the proprietor of a counting house.


Moses Amschel Bauer places a red sign above the entrance door to his counting house. This sign is a red hexagram (which geometrically and numerically translates into the number 666) which under Rothschild instruction will end up on the Israeli flag some two centuries later.


1753: Gutle Schnaper, an Ashkenazi Jew (future wife of Mayer Amschel Bauer), born to respected merchant, Wolf Salomon Schnaper.

1760: During this decade Mayer Amschel Bauer works for a bank owned by the Oppenheimers' in Hanover, Germany.  He is highly successful and becomes a junior partner. Whilst working at the bank he becomes acquainted with General von Estorff.

Following his father's death, Bauer returns to Frankfurt to take over his father's business. Bauer recognises the significance of the red hexagram and changes his name from Bauer to Rothschild, after the red hexagram or sign signifying 666 hanging over the entrance door ("Rot," is German for, "Red," "Schild," is German for, "Sign").


Now Mayer Amschel Rothschild, he discovers that General von Estorff is now attached to the court of Prince William IX of Hesse-Hanau, one of the richest royal houses in Europe, which gained its' wealth by the hiring out of Hessian soldiers to foreign countries for vast profits (a practice that continues today in the form of exporting, "peacekeeping," troops throughout the world).
















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The European Union (flag pictured) is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe".

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South Sudan must sustain efforts to protect human rights, says UN official

Conflict in Darfur
Date 2003–2009 /2010


Location Darfur, Sudan
Sudan JEM factions
Bandera Darfur.svg SLM (Minnawi faction)
Sudan LJM
Allegedly supported by:
Sudan Janjaweed
Sudan Sudanese Armed Forces
Sudan Sudanese Police
Foreign Mercenaries
African Union
United Nations
Commanders and leaders
Sudan Khalil Ibrahim
Sudan Ahmed Diraige
Bandera Darfur.svg Minni Minnawi
Sudan Abdul Wahid al Nur
Sudan Omar al-Bashir
Sudan Musa Hilal
Sudan Hamid Dawai
Sudan Ali Kushayb
Sudan Ahmed Haroun
Rodolphe Adada
United Nations
Martin Luther Agwai
NRF/JEM: Unknown N/A 9,065
Casualties and losses
  • 178,258-461,520 excess deaths
  • 2,850,000 Displaced (UN estimate)
  • 450,000 Displaced (Sudanese estimate)
unknown 51 peacekeepers killed

















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